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Phrasal verbs = Verbi fraseologici

Nella scheda in alto a destra ("Compiti") troverete GRATUITI gli esercizi interattivi per il capitolo:
"Phrasal verbs = Verbi fraseologici"

Una caratteristica dei verbi inglesi è che insieme alla proposizione, articolazione o avverbio formano un nuovo verbo, che in base al suo significato si differenzia dal verbo d’origine. Il verbo fraseologico è quindi una combinazione del verbo e della proposizione, articolazione o avverbio.  Non è possibile dedurre il significato del verbo fraseologico dalla base delle singole parole che lo formano. I verbi fraseologici perciò causano delle difficoltà ai parlanti italiani e a coloro che non sono di madrelingua inglese.

  • Danny asked Kelly out. = Danny ha chiesto a Kelly di uscire.

 

Si può dedurre il significato di alcuni verbi in base alla combinazione con le diverse articolazioni/preposizioni/avverbi. I significati di queste combinazioni sono diversi gli uni dagli altri. Se prendiamo come esempio il verbo "look":

  • My sister looked after me when I was a toddler. = Mia sorella badava a me, quando ero bambino.
  • Look at you! You look stunning in this blouse! = Guardati! Sei così bella in questo camicetta!
  • I am looking for my wallet. Have you seen it anywhere? = Sto cercando il mio portafoglio. Lo hai visto da qualche parte?
  • Tom started looking down on everyone when he got promoted. = Quando Tom è stato promosso ha cominciato a guardare tutti dall'alto.
  • I really look forward to hearing from my family. = Non vedo l'ora di ricevere notiyie dalla mia famiglia.

CONSOLIDATE LA CONOSCENZA DEL PRESENTE CAPITOLO CON L’AIUTO DEL LIBRO

 

LA TABELLA CON ALCUNI VERBI FRASEOLOGICI FREQUENTI

VERBO FRASEOLOGICO

DEFINIZIONE

ESEMPIO

TRADUZIONE

ask out

invite on a date

Tim asked

Liz out

to dinner.

invitare a uscire

back up

support

When Nick decided to start his own company, his father backed him up.

sostenere

blow up

explode

The CIA agent found the boy who wanted  to blow up the building.

esplodere

break down

stop functioning (machine, vehicle)

My

iPhone broke down last week.

rompersi

break in

force entry to a building

The young junkie tried to break in but did not succeed.

scassinare

break up

end a relationship

Helen broke up with her partner.

interrompere una relazione

bring someone down

make unhappy

Novels with miserable endings always bring me  down.

rattristarsi

bring someone up

raise a child

My mother brought me up to respect others.

educare

bring something

up

start talking about a subject

Tim is always bringing up his health problems.

menzionare

call off

cancel

They called

off the conference at a fortnight's notice.

annullare

calm down

relax after being angry

Try to calm down as panicking only makes things worse.

tranquillizzarsi

not care for someone/something

not like (formal)

Happy people don't care for what other people think.

non interessarsi

catch up

get to the same point as someone else

Jim stopped and waited for his wife to catch up.

prendere (arrivare allo stesso punto di qualcun'altro)

check in

arrive and register at a hotel or airport

We checked in just in time to catch the flight.

effettuare il check in

check out

leave a hotel

We reluctantly checked out of the hotel.

effettuare il check out

check someone/something out

look at carefully, investigate

The crime investigator is checking out the alibi.

controllare

cheer up

become happier

Eva cheered up when Luke had finally arrived.

rallegrarsi

come across something

find unexpectedly

You seldom come across anything more enjoyable than a happy person.

incontrare

count on someone/something

rely on

Lucy is positive she can count on her brother whenever she needs help.

contare su

cut back on something

consume less

My co-worker should cut back on cigarettes.

limitare il consumo

do away with something

discard

Let’s do away with all our bad habits.

gettare

dress up

wear nice clothing

Lucy dressed up and went on a date.

vestirsi bene

drop in/by/over

come without an appointment

Mandy can drop in/by/over at my office in the afternoon.

fare visita

drop out

quit a class, school, course

Ally dropped out of college last year.

lasciare (es. la scuola)

eat out

eat at a restaurant

Whenever we decide to eat out we go to Alinea Restaurant.

mangiare fuori

fall apart

break into pieces

Tim’s bike is so old that it is already falling apart.

disgregarsi

figure out

understand, find the answer

Can you figure out the meaning of this sign?

constatare, ricordarsi di qualcosa

fill in

to write information in blanks

Fill in the form and return it a.s.a.p.

compilare

find out

discover

I found out what I was looking for.

scoprire, constatare

get along/on

like each other

Linda gets along/on with her boss despite his weird character.

andare d'accordo

get away

go on a vacation

After graduation I  finally got away.

andare in vacanza

get away with something

do without being noticed or punished

This time Henry won't get away with lying.

cavarsela senza che qualcuno ti veda, non essere punito

get over something

recover from an illness, loss, difficulty

Get over that man. He is not worth your tears.

superare

get round to something

finally find time to do

Hopefully, I will get round to finishing my thesis this month.

trovare il tempo per qualcosa

get together

meet (usually for social reasons)

It’s time to get together and celebrate!

incontrarsi

get up

get out of bed

We got up two hours before the sunrise.

alzarsi dal letto

get up

stand

Stop whining, get up and try again.

alzarsi

give away

ruin a secret

Lucy gave away the news in a Facebook post.

rivelare un segreto

give away

give something to someone for free

In last issue of the magazine, they were giving away a free DVD.

dare in beneficienza

give in

reluctantly stop fighting or arguing

My sister didn't want to admit anything but then she gave in.

arrendersi (in una lite)

give up

quit a habit

Kim has reluctantly

given up smoking.

smettere con un'abitudine

give up

stop trying

Don’t give up! The project is almost finished.

arrendersi (smettere di provare)

go after someone

follow someone

The witness went after the assailant.

seguire qualcuno

go against someone

compete, oppose

Don’t go against your father. He’s only trying to help you.

opporsi a qualcuno/ qualcosa, competere

go ahead

proceed

Now that we’re full we can go ahead with out work.

continuare

go back

return to a place

Lucy went back to her hometown.

tornare

go out

leave home to go on a social event

Kim is going out to celebrate the successful work week.

uscire

go out with someone

date

How long have you been going out with your present partner?

uscire con qualcuno

go over something

review

went over my thesis three times before submitting it.

controllare

go without something

suffer, lack, deprive yourself of

I had to go without breakfast this morning as I was already late for work.

non avere, essere senza

grow apart

stop being friends over time

They used to be good friends at college but have since grown apart.

andare per la propria strada

grow back

regrow

My nails always grow back so quickly.

ricrescere

grow up

become an adult

Our children grew up to become successful artists.

crescere

hand something in

submit

Lucy handed her report in late again.

consegnare

hand something over

give (usually unwillingly)

The old man handed over the money to the robbers.

consegnare

(in genere controvoglia)

hang in

stay positive

Hang in there. The rescuers are on their way.

resistere (rimanere ottimista)

hang on

wait a short time (informal)

Hang on a second. I'll connect you with Jim Smith.

aspettare

hang out

spend time relaxing together (informal)

Tim usually hangs out in the local pub. He’s there most weekends.

frequentare

hang up

end a phone call

After minutes of quarrelling on the phone, the man just hung up.

riagganciare

hold someone back

prevent from doing/going

Lack of money held

our project back.

trattenere (qualcuno/

qualcosa)

hold back something

hide an emotion

It was impossible to hold back the tears.

trattenere

hold on

wait a short time

Please hold on. Mr Black will be here any time.

aspettare

hold up

rob

A teenager held up a bar last week.

fermare e rapinare

keep on doing

continue doing

Keep on trying and you will make ti.

continuare

keep something from someone

not tell

They kept the news from everyone to avoid panick.

nascondere

keep out

stop from entering

The dogs should be kept out of this park.

non lasciare entrare

let down

fail to support or help, disappoint

Be sure not to let Mary down. She does not deserve that.

deludere (qualcuno)

let in

allow to enter

The doorstaff did not let Jim in the club because he was carrying a bottle.

lasciare entrare qualcuno

look after

take care of

His aunt looked after Danny when his parents were on a business trip.

stare attento

look down on

think less of, consider inferior

Sarah looks down on her sister because she is unemployed.

guardare qualcuno dall'alto, disprezzare

look for

try to find

I'm looking for my purse and have no idea where I have lost it.

cercare

look forward to

be excited about the future

Stella really looks forward to going to the seaside.

non vedere l'ora

look into

investigate

Amanda was looking into the possibilities of launching the product.

esplorare

look out

be careful, vigilant and take notice

Look out for the icicles.

stare attenti

look over

check, examine

When looking over my article, I spotted two mistakes.

controllare

look up

search and find information in a reference book or database

Can you look this word up in the dictionary to make sure you know its meaning.

cercare

look up to

have a lot of respect for

looked up to my brother when I was younger.

ammirare (qualcuno)

make something

up

invent, lie about something

You have to made up a really good excuse for being late this time.

inventarsi qualcosa

make up

forgive each other

Make up with your boyfried as you belong to each other.

riconciliare

make up

apply cosmetics to

I really have to make my face up for this event.

truccare

mix up

confuse two or more things

mix the twins up every time I see them.

confondere

pass away

die

After his neighbour passed away of lung cancer, Jim stopped smoking.

morire

pass out

faint

When Liz heard the news, she passed out.

svenire

pay back

return owed money

I'll pay you back as soon as I meet you again.

restituire il denaro a qualcuno

pay for

be punished for doing something bad

At last, Jim had to pay for his sins.

pagare

pick out

choose

There was so much choice that it was hard to pick out just one pair of shoes.

scegliere

point out

indicate with your finger

Can you point your secret admirer out

when she arrives here?

indicare (col dito)

put something down

put what you are holding on a surface or floor

Lucy put her bag down and went to her room.

posare

put down

insult, make someone feel stupid

The old lady was putting

her neighbour

down for being gay.

offendere qualcuno

put off

postpone

The picnic will have to be put off because of the weather.

rinviare

put up with someone/something

tolerate

Linda put up with her room-mate for one month.

sopportare

put something on

put clothing/ accessories on your body

put on a nice dress and hurried out on a date.

indossare

run into someone/something

meet unexpectedly

Jen ran into her ex while shopping.

imbattersi

run over someone/something

drive a vehicle over a person or thing

The drunk driver ran over an old man.

investire

run out

have none left

Our neigbours ran out of milk again and borrowed some from us.

mancare

shop around

compare prices

Kim has been shopping around for hours now.

paragonare i prezzi (nei negozi)

show off

act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)

He would be a nice guy if he did not show off so much.

vantarsi

sleep over

stay somewhere for the night (informal)

My friend was sleeping over at his relative when in Rome.

passare la notte (informale)

stick to

continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing

Stick to your plan and do not let anyone disturb you.

attenersi a, limitarsi a una cosa

switch off

stop the energy flow, turn off

switched off the radio and enjoyed some time in peace.

spegnere

switch on

start the energy flow, turn on

Can you switch on the TV? It’s news time.

accendere

take after

resemble a family member

Kim takes after her mother. They are both resourceful.

assomigliare a (qualcuno - per carattere)

take apart

purposely break into pieces

John took the laptop apart and fixed it.

smontare

take back

return an item

took my camera back as it had broken down after one week of use.

restituire

take off

start to fly

The plane took off and we flew to Jamaica.

decollare

take off

remove something (usually clothing)

My boyfriend helped me take off my blouse.

spogliare

take out

remove from a place or thing

took out

dozens of books from the library to study for the exam.

tirare fuori

take out

pay for someone to go somewhere with you

Jim took us out to a club to celebrate his birthday.

portare qualcuno fuori

think over

consider

After carefully thinking it over I said "yes" to his offer.

riflettere

throw away

dispose of

They threw away half of the food after the picnic.

gettare

turn down

decrease the volume or strength (heat, light, etc.)

After turning the heater down, we could finally fall asleep.

ridurre (suono, calore, luce)

turn down

refuse

turned her invitation down because I was busy.

rifiutare

turn off

stop the energy flow, switch off

Johhny, turn the computer off and tidy up your room.

spegnere

turn on

start the energy flow, switch on

Tim wanted to turn on washing machine but  the electricity was cut off.

accendere

turn up

increase the volume or strength (heat, light, etc.)

It's so cold in here. Please, turn the central heating up.

aumentare (suono, temperatura, luce)

turn up

appear suddenly

Kim turned up in the middle of the meeting with some bad excuse for being late.

apparire

try on

sample clothing

Sam tried the suit on and it fitted perfectly.

provare (l'abito)

try out

test

Linda should try this gadget out to see how useful it is.

provare (in una verifica)

wake up

stop sleeping

Kim should wake up earlier tomorrow morning to catch the train.

svegliarsi

warm up

prepare body for exercise

After warming up we started with the training.

scaldare

wear off

fade away

Lucy’s make-up wears off before she even notices it.

dissolvere

work out

exercise

Tim works out on regular basis.

fare ginnastica

work out

be successful

Stay positive. Everything will work out in the end.

concludere con successo

 



  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (k/l) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (l) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (m/p) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (p) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (r/s) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (s/t) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (t) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (t) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (t/w) Risolvi
  • Selezionare le parole appropriate per completare le frasi con i verbi fraseologici (solo verbi fraseologici in "a/b/c") Risolvi
  • Selezionare le parole appropriate per completare le frasi con i verbi fraseologici (solo verbi fraseologici in "c/d/e/f") Risolvi
  • Selezionare le parole appropriate per completare le frasi con i verbi fraseologici (solo verbi fraseologici in "g") Risolvi
  • Selezionare le parole appropriate per completare le frasi con i verbi fraseologici (solo verbi fraseologici in "g/h") Risolvi
  • Selezionare le parole appropriate per completare le frasi con i verbi fraseologici (solo verbi fraseologici in "h/k/l") Risolvi
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  • Selezionare le parole appropriate per completare le frasi con i verbi fraseologici (solo verbi fraseologici in "t") Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (h) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (g/h) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (a/b) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (c) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (c/d/e) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (f/g) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (g) Risolvi
  • Collegare i verbi fraseologici con spiegazioni/sinonimi (a/b) Risolvi
  • Selezionare le parole appropriate per completare le frasi con i verbi fraseologici (solo verbi fraseologici in "t/w") Risolvi
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